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Structured Notes: Unveiling the Hybrid Investment

March 12, 20243 min read

What Is a Structured Note?

A structured note is a unique debt obligation issued by financial institutions. Unlike bonds, structured notes come with an embedded derivative component. This derivative adjusts the security’s risk-return profile, making it a hybrid instrument that aims to enhance potential returns.

Illustration of structured notes combining bonds and derivatives.

Components of a Structured Note

  • Bond Component: The bulk of a structured note is the bond component. It provides principal protection and acts as the foundation. Think of it as the stable base that anchors the investment.

  • Derivative Component: The remaining portion of the investment is allocated to the derivative component. This part introduces upside potential by providing exposure to various asset classes. It’s like adding a dash of spice to the traditional bond.

How Structured Notes Work

  1. Underlying Assets: Structured notes are linked to an underlying asset, which could be:

  • Equity indexes

  • Single stocks

  • Baskets of equities

  • Interest rates

  • Commodities

  • Foreign currencies

  1. Return Performance: The structured note’s return is tied to the performance of this underlying asset. As the asset moves, so does the note’s value.

  2. Payoffs and Flexibility: Structured notes offer a wide variety of potential payoffs that are hard to find elsewhere. They can be customized to suit specific risk-return preferences. For instance:

  • A fairly stable bond combined with out-of-the-money call options on risky stocks.

  • Gains capped at a certain percentage (e.g., linked to the S&P 500) with limited downside losses.

Common Types of Structured Notes

  • Principal-Protected Notes: These prioritize capital preservation. The bond component ensures you won’t lose your initial investment, while the derivative component adds potential upside.

  • Reverse Convertible Notes: These pay higher coupons but expose you to the risk of owning the underlying asset (e.g., a specific stock). If the stock performs poorly, you may receive shares instead of cash.

  • Leveraged Notes: These amplify returns (both gains and losses) by using leverage. They’re not for the faint-hearted.

Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Flexibility: Structured notes offer unique payoffs tailored to your preferences.

  • Limited Losses: You know the maximum downside upfront.

  • Diversification: Exposure to different asset classes.


  • Complexity: Structured notes are intricate and not suitable for all investors.

  • Market Risk: Their value fluctuates based on market conditions.

  • Low Liquidity: Selling them before maturity can be challenge


Structured notes are like financial puzzles—which attempt to combine safety, potential gains, and creativity. While they’re not for everyone, they can add an interesting flavor to your investment menu.

Curious about structured notes? Schedule a call with us to explore how they may fit into your investment strategy!

Disclosure: Wealth Management services are offered through Legacy Wealth Management, LLC, a registered investment advisor with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Registration as an investment advisor does not constitute an endorsement of the firm by securities regulators, nor does registration indicate that an advisor has gained a particular level of skill or ability. The information contained herein is provided for educational purposes only and the information shall not be construed as a provision of personalized investment advice nor as a guarantee that a certain level of results will be achieved. All investment strategies have the potential for profit or loss and no investment strategy can guarantee positive returns. Under no circumstances should this information be construed as an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any particular product or service.

Structured notesHybrid securityUnderlying assetsCapital protectionAccelerated return notesEnhanced returns
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Edward Malekan

Founder and CEO of Eternity Financial Alliance. My journey in the finance and insurance industry has been fueled by a strong desire to be a trusted resource for individuals, families, and businesses seeking to secure their financial futures.

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